The QAM modulator and demodulator combine two amplitude modulation signals into a single data transfer channel. The technique of modifying any one characteristic (amplitude, frequency, or phase) of a relatively high-frequency carrier signal in proportion to the instantaneous value of the modulating signal or message signal is known as modulation. For example, the input data signals I and Q are amplitude modulated by sine and cosine carrier waves, respectively. The two modulated signals are merged and then processed in accordance with RF specifications. These signals are then frequency-converted and amplification is performed to satisfy the final frequency and amplitude criteria.
In contrast, in demodulation, signals from the transmitter enter the demodulator and are divided into two signals that are sent into separate mixers. The local oscillator generates the needed frequency demodulation signals, which are in-phase and quadrature signals.
QAM is a modulation technology that combines two amplitude modulated signals into a single channel, thus doubling a system’s bandwidth. QAM is also known as quadrature carrier multiplexing since the two signals are modulated and broadcast to the receiver at the same time.
Where m1 (t) and m2 (t) are message signals to be broadcast over the channel, and PLL stands for Phase-Locked Loop.
QAM, on the other hand, maybe used in both analog and digital modulation methods. Digital analysis of QAM modulators utilizing “Verilog HDL” code and an “RTL compiler.”
The concept of delivering digital information using analog signals while successfully using channel capacity has resulted in the introduction of a novel modulation technology known as Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in wireless applications. QAM is a modulation method that is used to send digital data between two places while utilizing analog signals. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) is a method of transmitting data and information via a carrier signal, such as an LTE waveform. In order to obtain faster data rates and maximize spectral efficiency, a waveform/symbol should carry as much data as feasible.
“QAM accomplishes this goal by increasing the number of distinct waveform forms, with each waveform shape, or constellation, encoding a distinct binary number,” There are 16-QAM, 64-QAM, and 256-QAM QAM schemes in both wireless and wireline communications, as well as even higher QAM schemes, such as 1024-QAM, which are presently being studied for the future growth of LTE/LTE-Advanced Pro and 5G.
OFDM appears to be an effective modulation scheme utilized in current wireless communication systems such as 5G. OFDM is a high-data-rate communication method that combines the advantages of Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) with Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM). So, in the growing 5G technology, we may expect to see the utilization of QAM signal constellation sizes ranging from 256 (8 bits per symbol) to 1024 (10 bits per symbol).
Quadrature amplitude modulation aside from increased channel capacity, QAM has various other advantages, which are stated below.